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Personal Injury Terms & Definitions

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Personal injury — What is it exactly? The term “personal injury” is used to describe any injury, physical or mental, that occurred because of someone’s intentional actions or negligence, or strict liability. Columbia injury lawyers share more about personal injury:

Reasons For Personal Injury

  • Intentional actions: someone hurts you on purpose. This includes assault, battery, and false imprisonment.
  • Negligence: the opposing party acted without reasonable care. For example, you are rear ended by a driver who is not paying attention. If the accident causes physical injuries, this may be determined to be personal injury due to negligence.
  • Strict Liability: anyone involved in producing, distributing, or selling a defective product may be held responsible for personal injury if their product injuries you or someone else.


A large majority of personal injury cases involve negligence in some form. For your case to be considered valid, your attorney must prove negligence caused the injury. Negligence in the court is made up of four areas:

  • Harm: Did the injured party suffer a financial loss due to the negligence? An example of this is a medical bill (categorized as a monetary loss).
  • Direct Cause: A deliberate act, or lack of action, caused the personal injury.
  • Duty of care: The person accused of negligence has an obligation to behave carefully to avoid the injury.
  • Breach of duty: The negligent party knew they were exposing the injured person to a risk of injury.

Types Of Personal Injuries

There are many types of personal injury, but the following are the most common:

Do you want to learn more about personal injury or do you have a case? Contact us for your free consultation.